The ability to enter into marriage can be seen through many different lenses: spiritual and religious, legal (from a contractual and legal point of view) and medical and clinical. In most cases, the ability of one of the parties to enter into a marriage is not in question. However, in situations where the validity of the process is questioned, it is important to reflect on these different areas (spiritual and religious, legal, medical and clinical) and their contributions to how we understand marriage. Assessing a couple`s ability to marry may therefore require a multidisciplinary approach involving experts in spiritual and religious affairs, legal procedures and statutes, as well as clinicians trained in mental state assessment. For the latter, there has been no documented application of the Appelbaum14 Clinical Capacity Assessment procedure to the assessment of maritality, so there are few guidelines on how to effectively apply the four criteria in this context. The ability to enter into a marriage contract can be assessed as if the ability to enter into other legal and financial contracts and the ability to make medical decisions were assessed. Legal and financial possibilities vary from state to state and it is therefore important to understand the relevant state regulations. In general, the Philippine government requires that all foreigners receive the «legal capacity to marry» from their embassy before applying for a marriage license. This certificate confirms that there are no legal obstacles to the proposed marriage. Please note that the certificate is valid for 4 months from the date of issuance of the civil status certificate. Several problems arose from this case, and we will discuss them here to illustrate the main points. First, we would like to emphasize the importance of assessing mental state in order to determine capacity.
Mr. V.`s hospital career could have been extended due to complications of delirium, hypernatremia, hypoxia, sepsis, renal failure and gastrointestinal bleeding. Delirium is a state of increase and decrease in mental state, and so it would be important to assess Mr. V.`s mental state over time to ensure that he was consistent in his choice. This case would have been more difficult if Mr. V. had shown persistent symptoms of delirium due to his declining health instead of resolving them. What happens if a person is unable to marry? If a person in the hospital is unable to make a certain medical decision, a replacement decision is requested. Often, it is a spouse or child whose job it is to follow two principles: the judgment replaced and the reasonable personal principle. This means that surrogate mothers should consider their knowledge of the beliefs and desires of the person with a disability and ask themselves what a reasonable person would do in a similar situation.
Philippine law requires all foreigners to provide a «certificate of legal capacity to marry» before applying for a marriage certificate. This certificate confirms that there are no legal obstacles for the foreigner to marry a Filipino (i.e. the foreigner is not currently married to someone else). The U.S. government does not maintain a central statistical registry of births, marriages, and deaths, and therefore cannot provide this certificate. As mentioned above, the agency of the bride and groom in the marriage contract has grown considerably over the centuries. While it was common for early marriages to be celebrated without the input or opinion of the bride or groom (as these were transactions of a more convenient economic nature), the couple`s preferences became more important over time. In general, modern Catholic, Jewish and Islamic teachings advocate a more egalitarian view of marriage, in which the decision to marry is made by the couple themselves and both parties have the same say and importance in the transaction. Centuries ago, the concept of the decision-making ability to marry would therefore have been controversial. However, as the major religions focused more on the decision-making role of the couple in marriage, so did civil legal systems. Therefore, the concept of one`s own mindset in terms of the ability to marry has become an increasingly valid consideration.
The State of California requires that both parties have the opportunity to marry, as defined above in contract law. They must meet the minimum age requirements and must not marry under duress or as part of a polygamous relationship or fraud, and they must obtain a marriage certificate and marriage certificate. The couple must marry within 90 days of receiving the license, and the license becomes a marriage certificate if the person presiding over the marriage (justice of the peace, minister, rabbi and others) registers the license with the district official. In California, there is the possibility of having a confidential marriage, which means that only the couple and the county officer`s office have access to the marriage certificate, in addition to the usual public marriage common to all other states. Legal and valid marriages concluded abroad are generally valid in the United States. If you are getting married abroad and want to know if your marriage is recognized in the United States and what documents may be required, contact the Attorney General`s Office of your state of residence in the United States. We can see that several guidelines arise when we apply these principles to the ability to marry. First, a person who enters into marriage must do so voluntarily. There must be no undue influence or coercion. Second, the individual must be able to do so, as defined above by the four criteria. After all, the individual must know with whom he is entering into this contract; That is, he needs to know who he is marrying.
Essentially, these principles are an amalgamation of the principles we apply in medical settings (medical decision-making) and in jurisdictions (such as testamentary and contractual capacity). Step 2: Contracting parties must come in person to the Embassy to submit the above documents and apply for a certificate of legal capacity to marry. The check-in time for this certificate is from 08:00 .m to 12:00 .m. Some states consider a marriage contract to be similar to other contracts, such as . B a commercial enterprise, while other States define capacity to enter into marriage as requiring less capacity than, for example, testamentary legal capacity or the conclusion of a contract. In an appeal in California, the court ruled that «[t]he initial capacity can be measured on a sliding scale, with marital capacity requiring the least capacity, followed by testamentary capacity, and at the upper end of the scale is the mental capacity required to enter into contracts.» 4 The present case mainly concerned the possibility of dissolving a marriage (the husband attempted to separate from his 48-year-old wife, who in turn argued that he was mentally incapable of doing so). It was found that the ability to terminate a marriage was similar to the ability to enter into a marriage. We can look to the guidelines of the Estate Code for comparisons with other capabilities. In California, the Probate Code defines testamentary capacity as «the ability to understand the nature of the testamentary act, to understand and remember the nature of one`s property, or to remember and understand one`s relationship with family, friends, and those whose interests are affected by the will.» 5 More generally, the California Estates Code explains several principles that guide the legal capacity necessary to enter into contracts,6 including the existence of a (rebuttable) presumption that individuals have legal capacity and are responsible for their decisions; whereas people with mental disorders may still be able to contract, marry and make medical decisions, among other things; and that the lack of legal capacity is more related to evidence of a deficit in mental function than to a particular diagnosis. A person must meet all four criteria to be considered capable of making decisions. An assessment of decision-making capacity is a clinical assessment and, as such, it is based on the idea that psychiatrists, as clinicians, share a certain level of knowledge and experience in those medical or psychological dimensions of a patient that could affect the ability to consent to marriage. The landscape is much less divided when the spiritual and religious dimensions of a patient or a particular situation are explored.